Pratik İngilizce: Eğitim Öğrenme Konuşma Kitabı Seti CD DVD

Past Perfect Tense




39. BY THE TIME THE AMBULANCE CAME, THE INJURED MAN HAD DIED.
      AMBULANS GELDİĞİNDE, YARALI ADAM ÖLMÜŞTÜ.

by the time: -inceye kadar, -diğinde    evidence: kanıt    guilt: suç
injured: yaralı    destroy: yok etmek

PAST PERFECT TENSE
I had played.  : Oynadım.              I had not played. : Oynamadım.
Had I played?: Oynadım mı?         Hadn’t I played.?: Oynamadım mı?

[had not = hadn’t]

* Past Perfect Tense bitmiş olan iki eylemden, daha önce olan eylem için kullanılır:
   I had brushed my teeth before I went to bed.
   Yatmadan önce dişlerimi fırçaladım.
   I went to bed after I had brushed my teeth.
   Dişlerimi fırçaladıktan sonra yattım.
   My sister was eating the cake when I went into the kitchen.
   Mutfağa girdiğimde kardeşim pastayı yiyordu.
   My sister had eaten the cake when I went into the kitchen.
   Mutfağa girdiğimde kardeşim pastayı yemişti.
   When the police arrived, he was trying to destroy the evidence of his 
   guilt. :Polis geldiğinde o suç kanıtını yok etmeye çalışıyordu.
   When the police arrived, he had already destroyed the evidence of his
    guilt. :Polis geldiğinde o suç kanıtını yok etmişti.

1. - Had you entered the classroom by the time I entered?
    - Yes, I had entered the classroom by the time you entered.

2. - Had the lesson already started when you arrived here?
    - No, the lesson hadn’t started yet when I arrived here.

3. - Had you studied English before you began studying at this school?
    - Yes, I’d studied English before I began studying at this school.

4. - Had you ever seen me before you came to this course?
    - No, I’d never seen you before I came to this course.

5. - Last night, had you done all your homework when you went to bed?
    - Yes, last night, I had done all my homework when I went to bed.

6. - By the time you got up this morning, had your mother already
      prepared your breakfast?
    - Yes, by the time I got up this morning, my mother had already prepared my
      breakfast.

 

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